Is it Possible to Control Blood Sugar Levels Without Medicine?

Scientists have advanced knowledge about the proteins that help control blood sugar, or glucose, during and after exercise, and this knowledge could lead to new drug therapies or exercises more effective for the prevention of Type 2 diabetes and other health problems associated with high levels of blood sugar.

Insulin resistance occurs when the body is not produced by properly stimulating the transport of glucose, a type of sugar inside the cells as an energy source. Too much glucose in the bloodstream can cause a variety of medical problems including Type 2 diabetes, said Gregory Cartee, a professor in the School of Kinesiology and principal investigator of the study. Katsuhiko Funai is the co-author, graduate student and researcher in the School of Kinesiology.

Insulin and muscle contractions are the most important stimuli that increase glucose transport into the interior of muscle cells. The cells can then use glucose for energy, said Cartee. But scientists do not know exactly how this works.

The group reacted Cartee watched two different proteins that were considered important in stimulating the transport of glucose by two different enzymes, linked also with the transport of glucose. The goal of this study was to understand the contribution of the two proteins, called AS160 and TBC1D1 in skeletal muscle stimulated by insulin.

“Trying to rule out or determine what proteins are important in the exercise,” said Cartee.

The results indicate that the protein TBC1D1 was the most important for the transport of glucose stimulated by exercise and suggested that the second protein, AS160, may be less important for this effect of exercise. Give attention to the protein works best, in this case the TBC1D1, scientists can develop methods for making proteins that work best for people with insulin resistance, Cartee said.

Insulin resistance is a major health problem affecting millions of people, he said.

“Almost all people with diabetes have Type 2 muscle resistance to insulin,” said Cartee. “This does not cause diabetes by itself, but it is an essential component that contributes to type 2 diabetes. This affects millions of people. Even people who are not diabetic insulin resistance is linked to numerous health problems. “

In the longer term people who have insulin resistance or whose muscles do not respond normally to insulin are more likely to develop Type 2 diabetes, said Cartee.

“Apparently the muscles have the machinery to respond to exercise even if they do not respond normally to insulin. If we knew how the exercise could develop more effective protocols for exercise, “he said. “In other cases of people who can not exercise, we could design a drug therapy or something else to control insulin.

Teenage Weight Loss – How Teenagers Can Safely Lose Weight

Teenagers with body mass measures between 25 and 30 require immediate medical attention. The internal stress caused from so much weight almost guarantees the premature development of medical problems such as diabetes, heart disease, cancers, and stroke.

There's no question that aggressive weight loss methods are necessary and these teenagers need to be followed by medical experts for years to come. But what about teenagers with body mass measures just below 25? Is it safe for this group of overweight and mildly obese teenagers to lose weight?

The verdict is still out – the weight loss community continues to wait for more evidence supporting aggressive weight loss methods for overweight teens. I say while we wait, let's lose some weight.

But we do not need to be so aggressive with this group. Overweight teens need to lose weight, but in a slow, gradual process. Lasting weight loss and the development of positive habits should replace the push for immediate weight loss in adolescents with body mass measures between 22 and 25.

The there's the teenager wanting to lose weight for purely cosmetic reasons. How do we approach this fragile situation as parents and professionals? We can not just say no to her for fear she might turn to unhealthy means to lose weight. But we can not just give him a green light and say go for it, either.

The rest of this article focuses on the cosmetic teenage weight loss dilemma. The best thing I can do is at least provide some ground rules for teenagers with body mass indices less than 22 who insist on losing weight.

Cosmetic Teenage Weight Loss – The Ground Rules

Here's a simple, straight forward list of ground rules for teenagers wanting to lose weight for cosmetic reasons:

  1. Losing weight with a body mass index less than 19 is not recommended and might even be harmful. Things like eating disorders, endocrine abnormalities, stunted growth, and anorexia are all well documented consequences from unnecessary teenage weight loss.
  2. Teenagers with body mass measures between 20 and 22, can lose 5 to 10 pounds in a safe and effective manner.
  3. The primary mechanism for teenage weight loss is always the "burning" of excess calories through increased physical activity. A combination of aerobic exercises and resistance training works fast and produces the best results.
  4. Teenage weight loss by restricting calories should be kept to a minimum. A slow, gradual, and controlled restriction of calories is key. I recommend starting with a 5% reduction of calories from baseline for two weeks. This is followed by a 10% reduction for one week and then a 15% reduction (if necessary) for one week.
  5. Dedication to a consistent exercise program typically produces the weight loss desired without any changes to the caloric intake. A more natural way to reduce calories comes from eating a more balanced and nutritious diet, including more servings of fruits and vegetables.
  6. Emphasizing consistent exercise and a nutritious diet is often all that is needed for a teenager to drop some weight, firm and tone muscle, and achieve her "cosmetic" goals.

For the actual steps to safe and effective teenage weight loss, additional information on resistance training, and guidelines for restricting calories, use this link …

Teenage Weight Loss Plan

To Healthy Living!

Michael A. Smith, MD

Chief Medical Consultant

Diet Basics Website

Healthy Weight Loss Diet Secret – Stay Away From These Diets

From bookstore shelves to spam emails, the world around us is arranged with different dieting solutions promising that they're the healthy weight loss diet that you've been waiting for. Whether or not you have actually purchased one of these books, it's pretty easy to see that the majority of them are too good to be true.

The majority of them are simply fads that will come and go because they'll allow for some immediate fat loss and then you either stop losing weight, quit altitude, or rebound and start gaining weight once more. Although they may appear in different forms and under different names, fad diets are made up of the same six concepts that are recycled over and over again.

The six fads to watch out for

Among the many fads that promise a healthy weight loss diet, there are six that always seem to weasel their way back into our lives every few years. They are as follows:

1. Eating Fat-Free – this diet promises that as long as you do not eat any fat, you can eat whatever you'd like. The idea is that as long as you're not eating any fat, you will not get fatter. In reality, though, the majority of the fat-free products that are currently for sale are jammed with sugar and other empty calories designed to replace the flavor of fat.

They do not provide much in terms of vitamins, minerals, or fiber, so it will only make you unhealthy and send your metabolism reeling until you finally rebound and gain weight again when you start eating normally once again.

2. 100-Calorie snack packs – virtually every brand of snack on the market today now has its tiny 100-calorie individually packaged version that is supposed to let you snack without the risk of gorging.

Although the concept seems to be a good one, these snacks are typically unhealthy, low in fiber, and not very filling, so that you will not feel satisfied by eating them. This means that you'll likely eat more than one bag, or you'll eat something else, negating the value of the snack pack's measured calories.

3. The calorie vacuum – this one says that if you simply eat an amazingly low number of calories, then all you have to do is sit back and watch the weight fall off. In actuality, this will only slow the metabolism, causing the body to go into "starvation mode", where you'll feel hungry, and you will not lose much weight, and when you do start eating again, your weight will skyrocket.

Even a brisk daily walk of 20 to 30 minutes can make an intense difference on a calorie-reduced diet. Any healthy weight loss diet must include some increased activity level.

4. Detoxing – this diet promises that you'll lose weight instantly by cleaning up your digestive system and removing the tremendous amounts of toxic sludge that has been building up inside you through your lifetime. In reality, the body is actually very good at removing its own toxins, as long as you eat a high fiber diet to ensure that you're regular.

5. Protein, protein, protein – as long as you're eating protein and removing carbs, then you can eat all the fat you want, according to this fad. Instead, it's a much healthier idea to balance the levels of protein, carbs, and fat in your diet.

Whenever possible, try leaner proteins such as chicken or fish, and eat lots of veggies. Whole grain carbs and dairy are great for you and should not be removed, or you risk your proper nutrition.

6. Snack Cake and Donut Diet – The idea here is that as long as you stay within your maximum calorie limit, it really does not matter what you eat. If you want to eat donuts and snack cakes all day, then you can, as long as you do not overdo your limit. Except for the fact that every day that you eat like this, your body will lose critical vitamins, minerals, and fiber, which can be detrimental to your health.

If you're serious about losing weight and skipping the fads, then download your free copy of the "Experts Guide to Understanding Weight Loss" and work with a healthy weight loss diet that skips the fads and uses facts instead.

Learn to Speak Spanish Through Online Programs

The Spanish language is becoming increasingly more important to speak and understand. More than 420 million people speak Spanish, including those who speak it as a second or third language. Approximately 17 million of those are in the United States, making speaking Spanish more than just a passing fad. Fortunately, there are many online resources geared towards helping people learn how to speak Spanish.

Learn Conversational Spanish

The website, studyspanish.com, provides people with the opportunity to learn conversational Spanish. Although this program will not help you achieve fluency, by reading the lessons and repeating sounds and phrases with the audio attachments, you can be well on your way to carrying on a conversation. Sample beginning lessons are available online, and students can add to their knowledge with the purchase of CDs.

Courses, Tutors and Games in Spanish

Websites like 123teachme.com provide grammar, vocabulary, verb conjugations and sounds, like the other websites, but they also incorporated games and quizzes. These games and quizzes use vocabulary and phrases to test students knowledge and memory. People using this site can also work with Spanish tutors, people who know the language fluently, to get one-on-one help and accelerate the learning process.

Use Videos on Google and YouTube

Videos are available on YouTube and Google, and allow Spanish students to hear how the words are said, including accents and emphasis, but also see how they're said. Some of these videos use visual aids, displaying words and their pronunciation, like a book and audio tape would do, while others use people. The videos are for the beginning and advanced learners, depending upon the individuals needs and desires.

Learn Practical Spanish

Websites like e-spanol.hu/en outline the basics of Spanish, including grammar, vocabulary and expressions. This website provides games, quizzes, tests, word practices, audio videos and transcripts for students to test their knowledge and maximize they're Spanish skills.

Master Words and Phrases

For the beginning and advanced Spanish speakers, or students who simply want a larger vocabulary, websites like learn-spanish.co.il/ are ideal. This website lectures specific words and phrases that can make your Spanish more descriptive and detailed, including words relating to travel, color, shapes, sports, animals, food and clothing. However, this website does not include an audio, but only a simple visual of the words.